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What is eye swelling? cause of puffiness under the eye


The most important cause of eye’s swelling and effective treatment ways

Eye swelling or puffiness is concern in some people and can be a sign of a disease, for example, eye thyroiditis is one of the causes and symptoms of eye morbidity.


What is eye swelling?

Generally, swelling or puff of eyelids and eyes can be developed in the presence of any inflammation or excess fluid in the connective area surrounding the eye, which may be painful or painless and include upper or lower parts of eyelids. One of the things that may happen to anyone is the swelling around the eyes, which is commonly referred as puffy eyes, which is common among women.

The most important cause of eye and eyelid swelling


Sty is an inflammation of the gland in the eyelid. The most common types of eyelashes infect the lacrimal gland, which is at the head of the eyelash. Eyelashes sometimes form inside the eyelid, which is due to the fatty tuber.

Eyelashes often begin with a red, itchy and swollen skineruption. After a few hours or a few days, it begins to reshape. Some of them are colored.

Eyelash Inflammation of the gland in the eyelid



If an itchy eye is red with eye swelling, the cause may be a type of eye sensitivity. Dust, pollen and other common allergies can cause eye damage and lead to allergic eye reactions.


Swollen eyes can have side effects of a high-functioning thyroid that thickens the fat around the eyes and causes the puffiness of the eye.

Thyroid causes of eye swelling

Excessive heat

Cold weather can increase the heat of the house. It can cause dryness and increased sensitivity of the eye. Because this heat causes the mucous membranes of the eye to dry and ultimately make the eye more thick. The result of all these events is the puffy eye.


When you cry, your eyes work hard to produce tears. Because the eye glands need to work excessively to produce tears, these glands produce tears that are more water than salt. The difference in salt concentration between the tears and the tissues around them causes eye inflammation.

Cosmetic products and skin care

when skin care and skin care products enter the eyes, they can stimulate the eyes and tissue around them, which causes swelling, redness and painful infections. Allergic reactions to these products can also cause eye eruption.

Long-term use of contact lens

If you wear your lens a lot in your eyes, you’ll be puffy. The contact lens acts like a coating for the eye and prevents oxygen from reaching the eyes and swelling of the cornea. If you sleep with lens, it will put more pressure on you and make your swelling worse.

Puffing the eyes by holding too much of the lens

Eye Cellulite

eye cellulite is a deep infection in the tissues of the eye lids. This complication can spread rapidly and is very painful. Even the emergence of a small gap can be enough for bacteria to stimulate the formation of ocular cellulitis

Some people, like blepharitis, have more germs inside and around their eyes than others. These bacteria can cause blepharitis.
People with blepharitis may have oily eyelids and dandruff shells around their eyelashes. Some people with blepharitis have painful inflammation of the eyelid.



Fatigue and bruising can cause swelling of the eyes. Keeping water overnight can damage your eyes. This can cause swelling of the eyes in the morning. Especially if a person does not sleep well.

Pink eye disease

If you have pink (conjunctival) discomfort, you should know that it is extremely contagious, and the mucous membrane usually swells, secretes, and pinkish reddish-colored eyes.

High sodium intake

The relationship between sodium and puffiness is clear. Sodium causes excessive water retention in the body, and this retention can be seen around the eyes.

High sodium intake is one of the most important causes of eye swelling

High alcohol consumption

Lots of alcohol will have a lot of problems. One of them is body swelling. So the puffiness of the eye will be one of its side effects. Alcohol reduces the secretion of anti-hormone (anti-diuretic) hormone in the body and causes puffiness.


When you get up, the fat deposits that protect the eyes begin to relax and create puffiness under the eyes. At the ages, the tissues and the muscles around the eyes are also weakened and the puffiness of the eye doubles.


Days close to the menstruation

As you know, there is a lot of inflation a week before the menstrual period and the first days when there is a lot of bleeding. This accumulation of water can also affect the eyes.
This swelling is due to hormonal fluctuations of this period, changes in estrogen and progesterone lead to water retention in the body and in the eyes.

Common causes of swelling

Puffy under the eyes can be many reasons, such as aging or even sickness in the body. Do you know what diseases cause puffiness under the eyes?

In general, each of the following can be the cause of puffiness under the eye alone:

  • Excessive salt intake that results in fluid intake under the skin.
  • Allergies that cause inflammation and swelling.
  • Sinus problems
  • water shortage
  • Fatigue and lack of sleep
  • Stress and Nervous Stress
  • cry
  • Old age
  • Hereditary facial features

When is the swelling of the eyes a sign of the disease?

The puffiness of the eyes unexpectedly, sometimes indicates a disease in you. For example, people with eye-related thyroid disease have swelling of the tissues and muscles around their eyes. Also, prominent eyes can be a symptom of eye disease that is known as Graves’ disease.

Eye contamination due to environmental conditions, such as fever, can cause swelling of the eyes. Other types of allergies, such as reactions to certain foods or chemicals, cause swelling of the eyelids.

During an allergic reaction, some body cells release a chemical called antihistamine, which has a lot of adverse effects on the tissues of the body, including fluid leakage from blood vessels. These fluids are trapped in the surrounding tissues and cause swelling.

Bloated eyes and dark circles around the eyes may be due to an eye infection that causes the eyes to become red as a result of being infected with the virus. These swollen eyes caused by inflammation are accompanied by an infection that directly affects the eyelids.

Dry eyes can also be puffy and swollen. Systematic diseases, including kidney failure, can lead to swelling of the whole body, including the eyes.

Some ways to reduce eye infections

  • Avoid excessive salt intake, especially at dinner. Salt causes water to accumulate in the body, especially in the area of ​​the face.
  • Take the first opportunity to treat allergies. Allergy, colds, and sinusitis are one of the main causes of swelling around the eyes.
  • Sleeping position is one of the reasons for swelling around the eyes. Try not to slip on the face.
  • Before bed, remove all cosmetics from the face.
  • Protect your eyes against the sun’s rays. Using hats and glasses in sun is essential.
  • Use your favorite eye cream.
  • Do not smoke, cigarette is one of the most important reasons of dryness and weakening of the skin, especially in the face.
  • Relax your eyes, close your eyes and put a cool compress like cucumber cut and a cold spoon and cool tea bag, help to reduce the puffiness of the eyes.
  • Discard allergic material. Eye possibly inflamed because of the use of cosmetics, hair color or special cream that you use to identify and avoid them.
  • Avoid touching eye with hand.
  • Have enough sleep
  • Have a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Good position when sleeping
  • Eat enough water throughout the day
  • Compresses the skin around the eyes with ice or astringent solution
  • Put potato on the puff pastry
  • Use ice water compresses when the eyelids have swollen
  • Use cucumber slices or cold tea bags on closed eyes
Sleeping behind the eye with a tea bag

The cause of inflammation of the optic nerve

The term optic neuritis is defined as an inflammation of the optic nerve. This disorder is one of the main reasons for loss of vision. Optic neuritis is also accompanied by acute pain when the eye moves.

Except for the two main signs mentioned above, there are more signs. This disorder may also be associated with headache, nausea, fever, visual impairment, and visual impairment.

Alcohol consumption with some nutritional deficiencies can cause optic neuritis. Factors like deficiency of vitamin B 12 can also increase the risk of optic neuritis (inflammation of the optic nerve). Cigarettes also increase the chance of developing this disorder.

This disorder is often caused by toxins and acids that are found in blood and other body fluids. Nerve inflammation can also be caused by viral, fungal or bacterial infections such as measles, chicken pox, mumps, and some of these diseases.

In addition, optic neuritis may be caused by damage from an external force and trauma. Other factors that contribute to this disorder include facial bone dislocation, severe nerve stress, inappropriate food habits, and several genetic disorders.

Optic neuritis or inflammation of the optic nerve

Thyroid gland of the cause of eye swelling

Affected thyroid disease causes the fat and muscle tissues inside the cavity of the eye (orbit) to become inflamed and swollen, resulting in an out of the eye and disrupting eye movement.

Severe cases of sight of the thyroid gland are also damaged. Ocular thyroid usually, but not always, is associated with hyperthyroidism and is generally due to one of the main causes of hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease.

Since the space inside the cavity is limited, swelling of the tissues causes the ocular out of the eye. Out wardens is usually mild, but in extreme cases, the eyeball expands so much that the eyes are not well closed and the eyelid does not go down.

In this way, the transparent part of the eye, the cornea becomes dry and unprotected. The eyeball cannot move easily due to functional impairment of the muscle. If the disease is very severe, the nerve connects the eye to the brain and gets damaged. Eye disease has an active phase that is associated with inflammation and swelling and then healing is started.


The cause of the thyroid gland

Ocular thyroid disease is an autoimmune disorder that in most cases is associated with hyperthyroidism. The immune system usually produces small proteins called antibodies to attack germs (for example, bacteria).

The immune system produces antibodies against the tissues of the body in the event of an autoimmune disease. In eye thyroid disease, antibodies attack the tissues around the eyes. The reason for this defect is unknown. Some people are prone to autoimmune diseases.

Treating Thyroid Ocular

In the early stages, patients are given explanations about lifestyle changes, and they are treated with drops, ointments and gels.

When the disease progresses and goes to more severe stages, we also need to use anti-inflammatory and anti-drug drugs that should be taken by your doctor according to your prescription. Sometimes we need to inject drugs with higher doses and, in some cases, surgery is necessary for the patient.

Surgery of these patients should only be done in two ways, one of the surgical procedures is to change the patient’s vision for any reason. Therefore, when the eye is severely protruding, the cornea is wounded, or a lot of pressure on the optic nerve, regardless of when the patient is at the stage, surgery should be performed.



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