PHASAEOLUS VULGARIS is the scientific name of the Green Bean that is taken from Native American FABACEAE Livestock family.
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Other names for bean are: kidney bean string bean, field bean, flangeolet bean, haricot bean, snap garden,
Beans are an herbaceous one-year old, used throughout the world for edible fruits, as well as dried seeds or premature fruit, and both beans are used in it, and leaves are sometimes used as vegetable and straw forage. And all Legume family members have nitrogen fixation bacteria.
Bean production is distributed throughout the world and found on continents such as Africa, Asia, Europe, and Brazil and India are the largest bean producers, is China ;the largest producer of green beans.
The plant is a tropical one-year-old plant with a right root and abundant roots, and on the roots of the bean, brown irregularly colored, nitrogen fixation tubers and composite leaves consisting of three pairs of leaflets formed with the long petiole is alternately placed on the main stem and is very low in calories.
Saturated fats and green beans are a good source of vitamins, minerals and micronutrients. Green beans have a much less calorie content than dried beans.
Generally, beans can be cropped in any type of soil, but the best substrate for those soils is light and rich in organic matter, and soils with good permeability are suitable for bean also are sensitive to soil salinity and Suitable PH for growing beans is from 6 to 7.
The nutritional value of green beans
Green beans are a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, vitamin A, fiber, potassium, folate, iron, magnesium, vitamin B1, copper, calcium, phosphorus, omega 3 protein and niacin.
Green and Vegan Bean Properties
This medicinal herb is considered as one of the most important plant sources that is rich in protein and carbohydrates and also is considered to be the main component of the diet of many people in the world. Green beans are very important because of vitamin K to build strong bones, as well as it can protect from osteoporosis Bone.
Green beans are useful for heart patients with diabetes and patients with arterial cramps. Green beans are a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, vitamin A, fiber, potassium, folate, iron, magnesium, vitamin B1, copper, Calcium, phosphorus, protein, omega-3 and niacin.
The fiber contained in green beans reduces blood pressure. Green beans prevent colon cancer and by protecting vitamins C and beta-carotene from those intestinal cells from degradation by free radicals and is very useful for patients with asthma, osteoarthritis and arthritis. Green beans are very effective in reducing the risk of migraine attacks due to its riboflavin vitamin.
Green beans are a source of iron, and compared with red meat, which is one of the most important sources of iron supply, comes with a very low iron supply and no fat.
Green beans help to boost the immune system due to the richness of vitamin C and beta-carotene, the presence of vitamins C and K in green beans is abundant that is effective in wound healing.
Green beans are rich in vitamin A, and this vitamin is a strong antioxidant and by using it it prevent an increase of bad blood cholesterol, heart disease and cancer also other benefits of this vitamin, is postponing symptoms of early aging, such as Appearance of wrinkles, darkness of the skin, the appearance of dark spots and dry skin.
Green beans contain enough fiber to be consumed by people who are suffering from intestinal complaints like constipation.
Studies have shown that taking this nutrient during pregnancy has a positive effect on the development of fetal heart health and, on the other hand, it has enough iron and is considered as a good food during pregnancy and lactation.
Green beans are also used in a slimming diet because of its low calorie and lacking of fat, and green contains high levels of chlorophyll, which makes the carcinogenic effect of substances that are created after high-temperature meat grilling easily to be neutralized Which is the reason that us recommended to eat by roasted meat with green beans.
To reduce symptoms of menopause
Menopause is a period of women’s life that is associated with various symptoms. The results of a clinical study have shown that women who use a lot of manganese daily are less likely to be in pain and have better mood. Green beans are a great source of manganese and are very useful for postmenopausal women and are advised to use this food to prepare your diet.
The harm of green beans
Phytohaemagglutinin, a lectin and toxic compound, is presently concentrated in many bean species, which is concentrated in red beans in particular, and white beans are about one-third in size of red that contain this type of poison, which can be toxic. Boiling off grains is deactivated for 10 minutes at boiling point and green beans contain oxalate.
When the amount of oxalate in the body goes up, it will cause problems for the body. Therefore, people with kidney and gallbladder diseases should avoid eating this vegetable, as well as people with poor stomachs or small children due to illness.
5 to 6 green beans, if not cooked, can endanger the lives of young children, and raw green beans have a phacoematous lectin which is called PHA that can lead to severe hemorrhage of the stomach and lection’s are proteins that play a major role in the animals to facilitate joints. Cells has high PHA is a toxic substance and will kill the green beans of PHA.
If you use blood-thinning medications like warfarin, avoid excessive consumption of foods containing vitamin K, such as green beans.
Purchase and maintenance of green beans
To buy green beans, it is best to choose those whose pods are green and have a delicate skin without brown spots and are crisp and fresh.
Also, keep the green beans in the refrigerator for 3 to 4 days if they are not contained in the bag, and in the freezer for 1 to 6 months. Long-term freezing can, to a lesser extent, reduce vitamin C and folic acid, and reduce the taste and taste it badly. So it’s best to use fresh seasonal vegetables of this season vegetable and minimize the consumption of frozen vegetables.
The best way to cook green beans is to steam it and the most delicious food you can make is the bean jam. By mixing the beans with rice, the protein is complete and its absorption capacity will increase, and on the other hand, adding cinnamon and fresh tomatoes to this flavor will make it more delicious.